Social service and healthcare access among income poor households in the Philippines

The global elimination of extreme poverty by 2030 is a central and crosscutting target of the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals. However, innovation is needed within poverty reduction strategies and programs to reach individuals and households who previously have been excluded from these initiatives. In the Philippines, some regions are characterized by persistent extreme poverty despite recent impressive macroeconomic growth at the national level. Working with International Care Ministries (ICM), this project aims to understand how income poor households navigate the social service and healthcare systems (from the perspectives of service users and service providers), with the intention of developing interventions to improve access to and use of these services.

Funding: Social Science and Humanities Research Council

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Food security and rural livelihoods in Honduras

In rural Honduras, changing rainfall patterns, prolonged droughts, and the increased incidence of natural disasters (e.g. Hurricane Mitch of 1998) combined with poor growing conditions and soil quality makes subsistence agriculture challenging.  Over the past 20 years, the Foundation for Participatory Research with Honduran Farmers (FIPAH) has supported farmer research teams (CIALs) to address local agricultural challenges and food insecurity among small-scale farming families. In partnership with FIPAH and the CIALs, this project examines the relationships among demographic, socio-economic, environmental, agri-food, and health variables at the individual-, household-, and community-levels to evaluate the ongoing role of CIALs in enhancing rural livelihoods.

Funding: Social Science and Humanities Research Council

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Climate change and Indigenous food systems, food security, and food safety

A changing climate will affect food through a range of effects on agriculture, livestock, water systems, and wildlife, which have implications for food security, foodborne disease, and malnutrition. Indigenous populations who rely on the environment for livelihoods are considered highly sensitive to these impacts. The Climate Change and Indigenous Food System, Food Security, & Food Safety (Climate Change IFS3) research program addresses a significant deficit in understanding the food-related health (agri-health) dimensions of climate change among Indigenous populations globally. The research program has created a multinational intersectoral team to characterize the vulnerability and resilience of Indigenous food systems to climate change to inform, enhance, and expand climate change adaptation interventions and adaptation planning. The program responds to needs identified by communities, public health units, Indigenous organizations, governments, and the United Nations through ongoing partnerships with Inuit (Canada), Batwa (Uganda), and Shawi (Peru) populations. Working within these regions, the program has 3 research pillars: 1) Community-driven environment and health surveillance, 2) Projecting climate change impacts on agri-health outcomes, and 3) Developing place-based adaptation pathways.

Funding: Canadian Institutes of Health Research